We had as yet heard no news of Tdra Singh and his companions, who had gone on before us from Srinagar, but the season was too far advanced to allow of our waiting for their return with informa- tion regarding the state of affairs in Yarkand ; so, having completed our arrangements on the 6th July, we resolved to start the next day. Walnut-trees planted about the villages attain a large size, and most of them have the mistletoe growing on them. Oulet at the Eoyal Geographical Society’s rooms, under the supervision of Mr. At Durgu we entered a well-cultivated valley, which we followed for two marches twenty-seven miles to the Fangong lake. Captain now General Strachey, in the 23rd volume of the Geographical Society’s Journal, esti- mates the total annual amount of rain and snow at about three or four inches. Here I noticed a very remark- able appearance, about which I shall have more to say afterwards. Forsyth, who had preceded me, and was then forty-five miles beyond the Kashmir frontier.

How- ever, it seemed to have a very good effect, but on what principle it acted I will not venture to conjec- ture, i have no doubt that the unpleasant effects experieiiced at great altitudes are very temporary, and, as in the case of sea-sickness, are overcome by practice. At the bottom of the gorge we came to a stream flowing nearly due north, and for eight miles followed it through a very narrow rocky ravine, with precipices to feet high on either side. At first T offered some of them the use of a spare tent, but they would not take the trouble to pitch it. In consequence of the stimulus thus given to trade, by the reduction of transit duty, attention was naturally directed to the various trade routes between India and Eastern Turkistan; and in , Dr. The people here, as in most parts of Laddk, are wretchedly poor. Most Europeans, who have been reduced to such extremities as to be driven to try the mixture, find it very palatable. On the pass I noticed very little animal life.

The country between Jamu and Kashmir being south of the snowy range, is under the full influence of the periodical rains which fall in July, August, and September. By means of an inter- preter who spoke Hindustani and Tibetan we com- municated with our porters.

After dinner we heard a great shouting and excitement in camp, the cause of which turned out to be that the river had risen and was rapidly flooding plys camp. Under shelter of the stone walls, which are about four feet high, the Tibetans sleep huddled together ; each man in a sitting posture, with his back against the wall, the knees eoisode up, and the chin resting on the breast between the knees, in a position which would be extremely uncomfortable to ordinary mortals. This was the sort of man I had to break in for my work.

Towards the top of this firvt ascent, the arbcHieal Tegetation is almost limited to birch; bat there is beantifdl green sward, with a great profusion of wild flowers, right up to the snow: I occupied myself in training my collectors. But all these speci- mens got destroyed by the damp within the next few days, and had to be thrown away.


Shaw joined us, on the 3rd July, having left England on the 20th May. We travelled, however, at a rattling pace the wiiole way, until near Jamu, when the road became alarmingly bad, and after having several narrow escapes of being upset,’ we were at last brought to a ii by going over a vertical drop of about two feet, which nearly pitched us all out of the carriage and broke the pole ; but the coachman, who seemed to take this as a matter of course, quietly pro- ceeded chiryw a neighbouring bush, and producing some ropes and spare poles which were there kept con- cealed, set to work to fit in a new pole.

Of course the lakes and everything else disappeared as we advanced, and the plain was found to be a level waste of sand mixed with angular fragments of gneiss, slate, sandstone, and limestone. On arriving at Pamtzil we heard from the men of the advance camp that some grass existed two miles down the river, and as our camp was pitched in a jungle of Myricaria and Tamarisk bushes, which afibrded excellent fuel, we decided to halt here next day and overhaul our arrangements before plunging into the desert beyond.

We passed Kalsi and halted five miles beyond, at the village of Nurla, which is similarly situated to Kalsi in the midst of a little oasis of rich vegetation.

On entering Laddk from Kashmir the climate and appearance of the country completely change. At last, both men and horses seemed to be quite exhausted, and we then had a series of entertainments requiring less active exertion.

There is a small fort and custom-house at the northern end of the bridge, where half a dozen soldiers are stationed.

On June 23rd we continued our march along the Drds river seventeen miles, to Tdshgdm. The absence of gulls, terns, and other waterfowl, which were so abundant on the fresh-water rivulets running into the lake, strengthens this opinion. I left Jamn on the evening of the 1 5th May, and, being in excellent training, I decided to go on at one stretch three fifteen-mile marches to Mir, where Mr.

Wherever the mountains rise to about 20, feet they are covered with perpetual snow, and this snow, in melting slowly during the day, gives rise to streams, which often become roaring torrents before night but are vramas dry again before morning. We were here joined by a friend, who was shooting ibex in a neighbouring valley or “nulla,” as sportsmen here call them. Sohe were also found on the next two marches, sramas again in the Karakdsh valley, about Balakchi. The remarkable thing is that even a person of delicate health does episofe suffer from the exposure, and one never by s chance catches a cold, at least in the mountains beyond Kashmir, where the climate is excessively dry.

After breakfast, we walked on to near Matayon, the first hamlet on the Tibet side of the pass, about fifteen miles from Baltal, and encamped on the left bank of the Dras river. As there was no rest-house, our tents had to be pitched on ground which was an inch deep under water. The pine-clad mountains and densely wooded valleys are replaced, as we have seen, by an apparently end- less succession of barren rocky moutitains and valleys, which are almost desert except along the margins of streams.


We encourage the use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be eplsode to help. On the 14th July, leaving the Pangong lake, we marched ten miles northwards to Chdgra, along a small stream, which swarms with three or four species of fish, varying in length from four to eight inches. Detailed List of the Birds observed. The road from Sydlkot to Jamu is for the most part merely a track through fields, without any regularly made rpad.

There is a great deal of rice cultivation here, and all the hills are covered with grass, but there is not much forest, except along the streams. This pass, a new and easy one, having been chiyra by Dr. I shot three species, one of them very rare ; but at the time I did not know this, and only secured one specimen. Tarkand had seldom been visited by Europeans, lpus little was known regarding the country, beyond its geography, its climate, and the manners kki customs of its inhabitants ; its fauna and flora were quite unexplored.

Sone Ki Chirya – Episode 141

At Durgu we entered a well-cultivated valley, which we followed for two marches twenty-seven miles to the Fangong lake.

Bears and Bara-singa the Kashmir stag were more plentiful a few years ago, but are rapidly being destroyed. It was therefore decided to push on. Every drop of water in many of these streams is used for irrigation up to about 15, feet.

Sone Ki Chirya – Last Episode Indian Full Drama Akhri Episode – video dailymotion

They are built close to a famous tank of very clear blue water. We therefore waited until nine a. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can’t offer guidance on whether any specific use of any specific book is allowed.

The ascent was very gradual and easy, except for two miles near the top. He has to live on chupatties unleavened cakes and milk, or on biscuits and sardines, when, as often happens, no supplies are to be had within thirty miles. All hope of assistance from the Wazir was now given up. Next morning we began to get alarmed about our supplies.

Every Ladaki is constantly occupied in curing sheep-skins for clothing.